Contact Us

Name: Frank Chen
Tel: +86-519-88500208
Fax: +86-519-88500728
Mobile: +86-13685290986 (whatsapp)
E-mail: info@labfurnitures.com
E-mail: 857814241@qq.com
Add: Weixing Industrial Park, Henglin Town, Changzhou City, Jiangsu Province, China
Skype: lab.furniture
QQ: 857814241
Skype: lab.furniture QQ: 857814241

Transportable Laboratory Building Functional Specification
 

Laboratory Building Functional Specification

 

 

1.      Site Data

The laboratory shall be designed suitable for installation and operation at Basrah. Environmental data for the area is presented in Table 2-1.

Table 2-1 Basra Area Environmental Data

Table 2‑1 Basra Area Environmental Data

Specification

Unit

Value

Average Annual Atmospheric Pressure

kPa(a)

100.2

Average Annual Temperature

°C

23.5

Average Temperature (Coldest Month)

°C

17.8

Average Temperature (Hottest Month)

°C

30.4

Extremely Lowest Temperature

°C

-5

Extremely Highest Temperature

°C

55

Average Annual Wet-Bulb Temperature

°C

29.2

Average Annual Relative Humidity

%

60.6

Average Relative Humidity (Coldest Month)

%

81

Average Relative Humidity (Hottest Month)

%

49

Average Annual Surface Wind Speed

Beaufort

2.25

Monthly Average Wind Speed (Min.)

Beaufort

2

Monthly Average Wind Speed (Max.)

Beaufort

3

Basic Wind Speed

km/h

160

Prevailing Wind Direction

Winter

NNW

Prevailing Wind Direction

Summer

SSE

Rain Fall

mm

182

Seasonal High Water Table Level (relative to average grade)

m

0

Seismic Zone (pertinent to Siba location)

Zone

2A

Seismic Zone Factor “Z”

(UBC97, Table 16-I)

0.15

 

2.      General Design Considerations

The laboratory building shall be self-contained, demountable and transportable.  It shall be supplied in as complete a state as possible for transportation purposes in order to minimise installation and hook-up requirements at the site.

Building shall be supplied with external connections for:

1.       Electrical power (240VAC)

2.       Network connections for LAN and telephone

3.       Fire and Gas Detection

4.       Potable Water

5.       Chemical Drain

6.       Hydrocarbon Drain

7.       LPG cylinder if required

8.       Other gaseous cylinder supply connections if/as required

Building shall come with furniture and equipment pre-installed and pre-commissioned, including:

·         Benches

·         Storage Units for Chemicals (refer Section 8)

·         Storage Containers for Hazardous and non-Hazardous Waste

·         Laboratory Analyser Equipment (refer Section 5)

·         Locker Storage for laboratory staff

·         Desks/workstations (2 off)

·         Air Conditioning

·         Fume Cabinets

 

3.      Structural Design Basis

The design life of the laboratory building shall be 25 years minimum.

Building shall be transportable and provided with lifting or jacking points as required for installation of the building.

The building shall be suitable for installation on a flat concrete slab foundation.  Reaction forces/loads required to validate design of the foundation shall be supplied by the Bidder.  Bidder shall also be responsible for the method of attachment of the building to the foundation and shall supply detailed drawings of this arrangement.

Special consideration should be given to the choice of fireproof construction for the building according to the building and international design codes requirements.

 

4.      Laboratory Analyser Equipment

The laboratory shall be provided with all equipment necessary to conduct the following analysis :

Natural Gas

1.       ASTM D1945-14 Standard Test Method for Analysis of Natural Gas by Gas Chromatography

2.       ASTM D3588-98(2011) Standard Practice for Calculating Heat Value, Compressibility Factor, and Relative Density of Gaseous Fuels

3.       ASTM D6667-14 Standard Test Method for Determination of Total Volatile Sulfur in Gaseous Hydrocarbons and Liquefied Petroleum Gases by Ultraviolet Fluorescence

4.       ASTM D6228-10 Standard Test Method for Determination of Sulfur Compounds in Natural Gas and Gaseous Fuels by Gas Chromatography and Flame Photometric Detection

5.       ASTM D5454-11e1 Standard Test Method for Water Vapor Content of Gaseous Fuels Using Electronic Moisture Analyzers

6.       ASTM D1142-95(2012) Standard Test Method for Water Vapor Content of Gaseous Fuels by Measurement of Dew-Point Temperature

7.       ASTM D4810-06(2015) Standard Test Method for Hydrogen Sulfide in Natural Gas Using Length-of-Stain Detector Tubes

8.       ASTM D4984-06(2015) Standard Test Method for Carbon Dioxide in Natural Gas Using Length-of-Stain Detector Tubes

LPG

1.       ASTM D1267-12 Standard Test Method for Gage Vapor Pressure of Liquefied Petroleum (LP) Gases (LP-Gas Method)Water Content (ASTM E1064-16)

2.       ASTM D2420-13 Standard Test Method for Hydrogen Sulfide in Liquefied Petroleum (LP) Gases (Lead Acetate Method)

3.       ASTM D2158-11 Standard Test Method for Residues in Liquefied Petroleum (LP) Gases

4.       ASTM D1837-11 Standard Test Method for Volatility of Liquefied Petroleum (LP) Gases

5.       ASTM D1838-14 Standard Test Method for Copper Strip Corrosion by Liquefied Petroleum (LP) Gases

6.       ASTM D6667-14 Standard Test Method for Determination of Total Volatile Sulfur in Gaseous Hydrocarbons and Liquefied Petroleum Gases by Ultraviolet Fluorescence

Condensate

1.       ASTM D323-15a Standard Test Method for Vapor Pressure of Petroleum Products (Reid Method)

2.       ASTM D8003-15a Standard Test Method for Determination of Light Hydrocarbons and Cut Point Intervals in Live Crude Oils and Condensates by Gas Chromatography

3.       ASTM D4007-11e1 Standard Test Method for Water and Sediment in Crude Oil by the Centrifuge

4.       ASTM D5453 - 16  Standard Test Method for Determination of Total Sulfur in Light Hydrocarbons, Spark Ignition Engine Fuel, Diesel Engine Fuel, and Engine Oil by Ultraviolet Fluorescence

5.       ASTM D1298-12b Standard Test Method for Density, Relative Density, or API Gravity of Crude Petroleum and Liquid Petroleum Products by Hydrometer Method

Diesel

1.       ASTM D323-15a Standard Test Method for Vapor Pressure of Petroleum Products (Reid Method)

2.       ASTM D4007-11e1 Standard Test Method for Water and Sediment in Crude Oil by the Centrifuge

3.       ASTM D5453 - 16  Standard Test Method for Determination of Total Sulfur in Light Hydrocarbons, Spark Ignition Engine Fuel, Diesel Engine Fuel, and Engine Oil by Ultraviolet Fluorescence

4.       ASTM D1298-12b Standard Test Method for Density, Relative Density, or API Gravity of Crude Petroleum and Liquid Petroleum Products by Hydrometer Method

Water

1.       ASTM D1126-12 Standard Test Method for Hardness in Water

2.       ASTM D1252 - 95 Standard Test Methods for Chemical Oxygen Demand (Dichromate Oxygen Demand) of Water

3.       ASTM D1253-14 Standard Test Method for Residual Chlorine in Water

4.       ASTM D1293-12 Standard Test Methods for pH of Water

5.       ASTM D5464-11 Standard Test Method for pH Measurement of Water of Low Conductivity

6.       ASTM D1125-14 Standard Test Methods for Electrical Conductivity and Resistivity of Water

7.       ASTM D1068-15 Standard Test Methods for Iron in Water

8.       ASTM D5907-13 Standard Test Methods for Filterable Matter (Total Dissolved Solids) and Nonfilterable Matter (Total Suspended Solids) in Water

9.       ASTM D1067-11 Standard Test Methods for Acidity or Alkalinity of Water

10.   ASTM D7315-12 Standard Test Method for Determination of Turbidity Above 1 Turbidity Unit (TU) in Static Mode

11.   ASTM D4839-03(2011) Standard Test Method for Total Carbon and Organic Carbon in Water by Ultraviolet, or Persulfate Oxidation, or Both, and Infrared Detection

Amine

1.       UOP824 - 81 Diethanolamine in Solution by Color Indicator Titration

2.       ASTM D891-09 Standard Test Methods for Specific Gravity, Apparent, of Liquid Industrial Chemicals

3.       ASTM D1293-12 Standard Test Methods for pH of Water

4.       ASTM D1881-97(2009) Standard Test Method for Foaming Tendencies of Engine Coolants in Glassware

5.       UOP827 - 81 Apparent Hydrogen Sulfide in Amine Solutions

 

Manufacturer of the laboratory equipment shall be nominated by the Bidder as part of the tender.  KEIL reserves the right to request supply by an alternate Manufacturer.

All equipment will be preinstalled and fixed in the laboratory unless impractical to do so for transportation.  Wherever possible equipment shall be inspected and tested before transport.  Operating instructions for all equipment shall be provided and Bidder shall ensure that all warranties are passed on to KEIL.

Fragile, hazardous or sensitive equipment and materials shall be shipped separately to the laboratory building.  Where installation and/or set-up of the equipment is required then Bidder shall provide clear and easy to follow instructions for these.

Glassware, other laboratory equipment and chemical reagents are included in the Bidders’ scope of supply.  Any ancillary equipment required for operation of the equipment (eg calibration gas etc) shall be included and where consumable are required a minimum of three months supply to be provided by the Bidder.

 

5.      Sampling Equipment

Sample containers shall be provided for each of the fluids to be tested as listed in below.  A minimum of 12 sampling containers shall be supplied for each fluid.  A minimum of 24 sample containers shall be supplied for water samples.  Materials of construction shall be subject to approval by KEIL.

Pressurised sample bombs shall be appropriate for the pressure and temperature of the system to be sampled as detailed below.  Sample containers shall be clearly labelled with their intended usage.  Connections for pressurised sample containers shall be industry standard.

Natural Gas (90 barg, 80°C)

LPG (24 barg, 80°C)

Condensate - Live (75.9 barg, 93.3°C)

Condensate - Stable (0 barg, 60°C)

Diesel (0 barg, 80°C)

Water (0 barg, 80°C)

Amine (0 barg, 80°C)

 

6.      Laboratory Furniture Design and Exit Paths

Work benches shall be minimum 75 cm wide

Aisle clearance between benches shall have a minimum of 61 centimetres.

Laboratory benches must not impede emergency access to an exit. This is also applicable to placement of other furniture and appliances such as chairs, stools, refrigerators, etc. A pathway clearance of 92 centimetre must be maintained at the face of the access/ exit door.

The space between adjacent workstations and laboratory benches should be 1.52 meter or greater to provide ease of access.

The minimum door opening width shall be 87centimetres. Doors and windows shall include seals to prevent dust ingress to the building.

The minimum ceiling height shall be 2.4 meters (7 feet 10 inches).

 

7.      Laboratory Work/Testing area

Laboratory working area shall have a minimum clear floor area of 15 square meters .

The working area shall be designed so that two technicians are able to work on two separate analysis at the same time.

Laboratory work area shall have appropriate facilities for storage and if required refrigeration of all samples and chemical reagents

Work counters and equipment space shall be provided to accommodate all on-site tests identified in the functional program of the facility.

Work counters shall be sufficient to meet equipment specifications and according to manufacturer requirements. Extra space is required for advanced tests and equipment.

Work countertops should be made from monolithic, heat resistant, anti-microbial and impermeable material to moisture e.g. Corian, Epoxy resin or Trespa countertops. The floor and walls should be anti-static, heat resistant, anti-bacterial, anti-fungal and resistant to chemicals used for disinfection purposes.

Documenting the specifics of each instrument and device is important for the architect or laboratory planner to determine square footage requirements and layout. The equipment list should include any instrument or device, no matter what size, that requires any utility, such as electricity. This is also very important for the engineers when determining the utility requirements and heat loads for the laboratory planner.

Each laboratory must contain a sink for hand washing.  Laboratory sinks shall have lips that protect sink drains from spills. Sink lips or berms should be >= 0.25 inches and designed to completely separate the laboratory bench or Fume hood work area from the sink drain.

 

8.      Chemical/Waste Storage

Sufficient space or facilities (e.g., storage cabinets with partitions) shall be provided so that chemicals and reagents can be physically separated and stored.  Separate storage shall be provided for :

·         Acids

·         Caustics

·         Flammables

·         Non-hazardous/non-flammable chemicals

·         Gaseous or Pressurised Samples

·         Flammable Liquid Samples

·         Non-Flammable Liquid Sample

·         Non-hazardous Gases

Flammable storage areas shall be suitably fireproofed and lockable.  Hazardous chemicals storage shall all be lockable.

Chemical storage shelves shall not be placed above laboratory sinks.

All liquids sinks and drains shall be directed to a drain connection or connections which will terminate on the outside of the building to be directed to a waste chemical sump (by others).

A separate drain shall be provided for disposal of hydrocarbon liquids which will terminate on the outside of the building to be directed to a waste hydrocarbon sump (by others).

Such drains shall be designed to ensure that no collection of fluid can occur in the drains resulting in reaction due to mixing of waste reagents.

Drains shall be clearly labelled to indicate their intended use ie Chemical Drain or Hydrocarbon Drain.

Provision shall be made for storage and disposal of solid waste including paper, sediments etc

 

9.      Fume hoods

Fume hoods must be provided to deal with toxic or noxious hazardous fumes vapours or dust. The Fume hoods shall meet the following general standards:

Average face velocity of 75 feet per minute (0.45 to 0.56 meters per second).

Connection to an exhaust system to the outside that is separate from the building exhaust system

Location of an exhaust fan at the discharge end of the system

Inclusion of an exhaust duct system of non-combustible corrosion-resistant material as needed to meet the planned usage of the hood.

 

10. Flooring

Selected flooring surfaces shall be easy to maintain, readily cleanable, and appropriately wear-resistant.

The floor shall be non-pervious and with covings to the walls and cabinets to ensure that spills cannot penetrate underneath.  Slip-resistant flooring products shall be utilised for flooring surfaces in the work areas of the laboratory.

Tiles and wooden planks are not acceptable. Wooden and wood finish walls or floors and carpets are not appropriate because they can absorb hazardous material, particularly liquids.

Joints for floor openings for pipes and ducts shall be tightly sealed.

Highly polished flooring, walling or finishes that create glare shall be avoided.

 

11. Walls

Wall finishes shall be washable, moisture-resistant and smooth.

Wall finish treatments shall not create ledges or crevices that can harbour dust and dirt

In the vicinity of plumbing fixtures, wall finishes shall be smooth, scrubbable, and moisture-resistant and shall not create ledges or crevices that can harbour dust and dirt.

 

12. Lighting

Laboratory areas shall be provided adequate natural or artificial illumination to ensure sufficient visibility for operational safety.

Windows must be well sealed and provided with blinds.

 

13. Cleaning

The laboratory shall be designed so that it can be easily cleaned. Bench tops must be a seamless one-piece design to prevent contamination. Laminate bench tops are not suitable.

Penetrations for electrical, plumbing, and other considerations must be completely and permanently sealed.

If the bench abuts a wall, it must be coved or have a backsplash against the wall. Walls should be painted with washable, hard non-porous paints.

Spaces between benches, cabinets, and equipment must be accessible for cleaning and allow for servicing of equipment.

Laboratory furniture must have smooth, non-porous surfaces so as to resist the absorption of liquids and the harsh effects of disinfectants. Furniture must not be positioned in such a manner that makes it difficult to clean spilled liquids or conduct routine maintenance.

 

14. Administrative Activities

Clinical Laboratory shall make provisions to support administrative activities, filing, and clerical work as appropriate. This shall include two desks suitable for use and computer workstations.  Such clerical space or room for typing and clerical work shall be separate from laboratory analysis areas.  Laboratory records will be kept in a separate building so bulk filing and records storage is not required within the building.

 

15. Equipment and Supply Storage

General storage facilities for supplies and equipment shall be provided based on the functional program laboratory.  Storage for staff personal effects with locking drawers or cabinets shall be provided.

 

16. Fire Safety Design

Bidder shall ensure the distribution of fire extinguishers is specified by the international fire code.

Architects and engineers should consult with Fire Safety personnel regarding questions on the placement of fire extinguishers in laboratories.

Fixed sprinkler system is not required.

Fire detectors shall be installed of a type suitable for the potential fire source.  These will annunciate local alarms but will also provide a common alarm signal to the central control room for monitoring purposes.  The type of signal and connection will be agreed after award.

Fire extinguishers should be conspicuously located where they will be readily accessible in the event of fire. They should be of a type appropriate to the fire hazard and located close to the exits from an area and along normal paths of travel.

Fire protection and fire detection equipment should not be obstructed.